Arab Countries’ Interest in the Collapse of Hamas Rule in Gaza

The residents of the Gaza Strip are expressing frustration towards Arab countries for what they perceive as abandonment in the face of conflict. They believe these nations failed to apply sufficient pressure on Israel and the U.S. to halt the hostilities in the region.

Both the Palestinian Authority (PA) and moderate Arab countries are aligned in their desire to see the collapse of the Hamas regime.

They view Hamas as a terrorist movement that destabilizes not only the PA but also poses a threat to Arab regimes.

The PA, in particular, seeks to overthrow Hamas in Gaza, as the two factions have been longstanding rivals.

The roots of this rivalry trace back to the Oslo Agreement of 1993, which Hamas disrupted with acts of terrorism in 1996.

This agreement aimed to establish an independent Palestinian state.

Hamas, in turn, actively pursues various means to undermine the leadership of PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas.

Israeli security officials claim that Hamas has attempted terrorist attacks and assassination plots against Abbas, with several being thwarted by Israel.

Moderate Arab countries are also keen on the collapse of the Hamas regime.

They view it as an independent Islamic regime, closely aligned with Iran and the “Muslim Brotherhood,” and consider it a threat to the stability of Arab nations.

While these countries make public statements against Israel and provide humanitarian aid to Gaza, their actions are perceived as symbolic, and the residents feel neglected.

In theory, these Arab nations could take more decisive measures to support Hamas.

However, their actions, such as inflammatory statements and humanitarian aid, are seen as superficial.

The lack of substantial intervention, like using the oil weapon or severing diplomatic ties with Israel, suggests that they may not be genuinely committed to sustaining Hamas rule.

Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, for instance, recently called for halting the supply of weapons to Israel, condemning what he deemed “brutal crimes” in Gaza.

However, he remains silent on the normalization process with Israel and holds resentment towards Hamas for disrupting potential deals with the U.S. and Israel.

The “Muslim Brotherhood” movement, of which Hamas is a part, poses a broader threat to Arab regimes. Founded in 1928, the movement denies Israel’s existence and advocates for a Palestine spanning from the sea to the river.

Despite public denouncements, there is a sense that some Arab regimes and the Palestinian Authority secretly wish for the success of the IDF’s mission to eliminate Hamas in Gaza.

Yoni Ben Menachem Senior Middle East Analyst

About Yoni Ben Menachem

Yoni Ben Menachem is a Middle East senior analyst ,a journalist and
the former CEO of the Israel Broadcasting Authority(IBA). He has
decades of experience in written and video journalism. Ben
Menachem’s path in the media world began as a producer for
Japanese television in the Middle East. After that, he held many key
positions in the media The Israeli: CEO of the Israel Broadcasting
Authority, director of “Kol Israel” Radio, reporter on West Bank and
Gaza Strip affairs, political reporter and commentator, commentator
on Middle East affairs and editor-in-chief and presenter of the
program “Middle East Magazine”. 

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