Addressing Security Challenges in Gaza and Lebanon: A Comprehensive Approach

Israel is currently focusing its efforts on the conflict in the Gaza Strip, but it must also promptly address the security situation in southern Lebanon to facilitate the return of thousands of Israelis to their homes along the northern border.To safeguard its interests, Israel needs to undertake both political and military actions to keep Hezbollah's "Radwan" forces away from areas beyond the Litani River.


Hezbollah has announced compliance with the four-day truce between Israel and Hamas for a prisoner exchange, reaffirming its direct involvement in the Gaza conflict.

While Hezbollah is currently observing the ceasefire with minor violations, it remains a formidable threat to Israel, surpassing even Hamas in its potential danger.

The “Radwan” force did not attack Israeli settlements on the Lebanese border directly.

Still, it prompted 60 thousand Israeli citizens to evacuate, and their return is uncertain until the Israeli government ensures the removal of the “Radwan” force beyond the Litani River and Lebanon’s adherence to UN Resolution 1701.

A decisive victory over Hamas in the Gaza Strip is crucial for Israel to destroy its military infrastructure and eliminate its leaders, thereby enhancing deterrence against Hezbollah.

Despite the U.S. advising against opening a new front with Lebanon, Israel has deployed approximately 100,000 soldiers on the Lebanese border, with two-thirds of the Israeli Air Force ready for potential action against Hezbollah, pending political guidance.

Recently, Israel urged the UN Security Council to fully implement UN Resolution 1701, warning that failure to do so and allowing Hezbollah’s “Radwan” force to remain on the border could escalate into a regional war.

Israel is initiating political efforts to prepare the international community for the possibility of a conflict on its northern border with Hezbollah once the Gaza Strip situation is resolved.

Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of Hezbollah, has not responded to Israel’s demands yet, possibly waiting to assess Israel’s post-ceasefire actions.

If Hamas’s rule in Gaza appears threatened, Nasrallah might escalate hostilities to thwart Israel’s expected victory over Hamas.

Israel will need to act politically and militarily to achieve specific goals:

  1. Prevent the return of Hezbollah’s “Radwan” force to its previous positions in southern Lebanon.
  2. Expand UNIFIL’s mandate and deploy forces in sensitive areas along the border, granting them authority to enter villages in southern Lebanon.
  3. Move “Radwan” forces beyond the Litani River to eliminate the threat to Israeli citizens on the border.
  4. Distance armed Palestinian factions from southern Lebanon.

Post-Gaza conflict, Israel is unwilling to return to the precarious security situation along the Lebanese border and must devise a strategy to persuade the U.S. that a change is imperative, aligning with American plans towards the Palestinian Authority.

The U.S. aims to maintain calm on the Israel-Lebanon border, supporting the election of a Lebanese president.

Hezbollah sources claim the U.S. is endorsing the candidacy of General Joseph Aoun, the Lebanese army commander, in collaboration with France.

In the coming weeks, Israel faces a substantial challenge that necessitates a comprehensive solution to secure its borders and maintain stability in the region.

Yoni Ben Menachem Senior Middle East Analyst

About Yoni Ben Menachem

Yoni Ben Menachem is a Middle East senior analyst ,a journalist and
the former CEO of the Israel Broadcasting Authority(IBA). He has
decades of experience in written and video journalism. Ben
Menachem’s path in the media world began as a producer for
Japanese television in the Middle East. After that, he held many key
positions in the media The Israeli: CEO of the Israel Broadcasting
Authority, director of “Kol Israel” Radio, reporter on West Bank and
Gaza Strip affairs, political reporter and commentator, commentator
on Middle East affairs and editor-in-chief and presenter of the
program “Middle East Magazine”. 

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