Establishing Temporary Military Governance with Palestinian Civil Administration: A Strategy for Gaza

In the aftermath of conflict in Gaza, it is imperative for Israel to prioritize the dismantling of Hamas' civilian government alongside the destruction of its military infrastructure. To achieve this, Israel should implement a multifaceted approach, including the establishment of a temporary military government and the empowerment of a Palestinian civil administration.


Defense Minister Yoav Galant’s post-war strategy, unfortunately, fell short.

Subsequently, in collaboration with the Biden administration, an alternative plan was proposed involving the recruitment and training of Fatah operatives under Palestinian intelligence chief Majed Faraj.

However, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu intervened, expressing strong opposition to Palestinian Authority (PA) control in Gaza post-conflict.

Efforts to establish a local leadership within Gaza, as per Netanyahu’s plan, faced significant challenges.

Despite IDF control over 70% of Gaza’s territory, Hamas thwarted attempts to recruit local stakeholders for humanitarian aid distribution and governance.

A pivotal aspect of establishing local governance lies in ensuring humanitarian aid reaches the populace without bolstering Hamas’ authority.

Presently, aid entering Gaza falls into Hamas’ hands, strengthening its grip on the region.

Therefore, Israel must swiftly implement a temporary military government to oversee aid distribution while concurrently initiating the formation of a Palestinian civil administration.

This civil administration, comprising non-Hamas affiliated officials residing in Gaza, will gradually assume civil control.

Israel’s expertise in managing civilian affairs in Gaza and the West Bank underscores the feasibility of this transition.

The establishment of a Palestinian civil administration, independent of both Hamas and the PA, aligns with Israel’s security interests.

However, given the current circumstances, a mentorship model is necessary.

Israel will initially govern Gaza militarily, gradually transferring civil powers to the Palestinian administration.

Key principles of the temporary military government include IDF oversight of security, akin to Area B in the West Bank, preventing Hamas resurgence.

Additionally, control over the “Philadelphia Corridor” to curb arms smuggling from Egypt and a buffer zone in northern Gaza safeguarding Israeli settlements are essential.

In conclusion, the establishment of temporary military governance alongside a Palestinian civil administration presents a viable strategy for Gaza’s post-conflict stabilization.

By prioritizing civilian welfare while curtailing Hamas influence, Israel can lay the groundwork for lasting peace and security in the region.

Yoni Ben Menachem Senior Middle East Analyst

About Yoni Ben Menachem

Yoni Ben Menachem is a Middle East senior analyst ,a journalist and
the former CEO of the Israel Broadcasting Authority(IBA). He has
decades of experience in written and video journalism. Ben
Menachem’s path in the media world began as a producer for
Japanese television in the Middle East. After that, he held many key
positions in the media The Israeli: CEO of the Israel Broadcasting
Authority, director of “Kol Israel” Radio, reporter on West Bank and
Gaza Strip affairs, political reporter and commentator, commentator
on Middle East affairs and editor-in-chief and presenter of the
program “Middle East Magazine”. 

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